The State of Pennsylvania is situated on the north-eastern seaboard of the United States of America. With the total land area of 46,058 square miles, it is the 33rd largest and the 6th most populous state in the U.S. As of today, the state capital is Harrisburg.
On February 19, 1674, the Treaty of Westminster concluded the war between the English and the Dutch leaving the colony of the New Netherland to the English empire. New Netherland was a colonial territory that includes the area of Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Pennsylvania.
On February 28, 1681, King Charles II of England gave a big portion of land to William Penn to repay his debt of £16,000 from William’s father, Admiral William Penn and it was named Pennsylvania.
Penn founded Philadelphia, the state’s largest city, as Pennsylvania’s capital and it is considered as the “birthplace of the United States”. It began when the 12 American colonies declared their independence from Britain back in 1776. It became the 2nd state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on December 12, 1787.
The Founding Fathers of the United States discussed and adopted the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution here inside the walls of the State House which is now the Independence Hall. Today, It is the centrepiece of the Independence National Park that conserves many of the historical sites during the United States’ founding history.
Just across from the Independence Hall is the Liberty Bell Centre, where the Liberty Bell is situated. The bell was rung on July 8, 1776 to call the people of Philadelphia to mark the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence.
The bell became an important symbol of freedom for the people of United States so it was put on display when it could no longer be rung because of the crack.
The building on the right of the Independence Hall is the former Congress Hall (1790-1800).
While the building on the left was the city hall of Philadelphia until 1854.
Our stay in Philadelphia only took 2 hours but we learned a lot about the”birthplace of the United States”.